Research on the Effectiveness of Bilingual Education: A Current Bibliography

Jill Kerper Mora San Diego State University

The following is a list of recent studies and "meta-analyses" that address the effectiveness of native language (L1) instruction for language minority students:


August, D. & Shanahan, T. (2006) (Eds.). Developing literacy in second-language learners: Report of the National Literacy Panel on Language-minority Children and Youth. Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum Associates.

Gándara,P., Rumberger, R., Maxwell-Jolly, J. & Callahan, R. (2003, October 7). English Learners in California Schools: Unequal resources, unequal outcomes. Education Policy Analysis Archives, 11(36). Available online at

Genesse, F., Lindolm-Leary, K., Saunders, W., & Christian, D. (Eds.) (2006). Educating English Language Learners: A synthesis of research evidence. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press.

Genesse, F., Lindolm-Leary, K., Saunders, W., & Christian, D. (2005). "English Language Learners in U.S. Schools: An Overview of Research." Journal of Education for Students Placed at Risk, 10(4), 363-385.

Greene, J. (1998). A Meta-Analysis of the Effectiveness of Bilingual Education, Tomas Rivera Policy Institute, the Public Policy Clinic of the Department of Government, University of Texas at Austin, and the Program on Educational Policy and Governance at Harvard University.

Krashen, S. & McField, G. (2006). What works? Reviewing the latest evidence on bilingual education. Language Learner 1(2): 7-10, 34.

Rolstad, K., Mahoney, K., & Glass, G.V. (2005). The Big Picture: A Meta-Analysis of Program Effectiveness Research on English Language Learners. Educational Policy, Vol. 19(4), 572-594.

Slavin, R., & Cheung, A. (2005). A synthesis of research on language of reading instruction for English language learners. Review of Educational Research, 75 (2), 247-284.