Teaching Points in Spanish Grammar

Word Study & Semantics

  • Parts of speech & inflections for change of function (zapato, zapatero)
  • Diminutives, augmentatives, superlatives (ito, ón, ote, ísimo)
  • Inflections & agreement (concordancia) (subject-verb, adjectives, possessives)
  • Enclisis (combining two classes of words) (cualquier, démelo)
  • Contractions (conjunción) & shortened forms of words (apócope)
  • Compound words (abrelata, tumbaburros)
  • Demonstrative adjectives & pronouns
  • Use of definite article vs. possessive pronouns with body parts & personal items

Jill Kerper Mora
San Diego State University

Sentence Level Grammar & Syntax

  • Syntactic signals & changes in different sentence types (questions, negations, commands)
  • Question words (qué, quién, cuándo, dónde & prepositions, cuánto) & word order for question formation
  • Sentence structure for comparison & superlatives
  • Pronoun positions for declarative, negation, commands & pronoun enclisis & word order with commands (démelo, háblele)
  • Use of the personal a with direct objects
  • Meaning-base syntax & sentence structure peculiar to Spanish with verb gustar & use of passive se

Verb Formation & Usage

  • Verb conjugation & endings-present tense
  • Use of subject pronouns & embedded subjects (yo hablo, nosotros hablamos vs. hablo, hablamos, etc.)
  • Contrast & meaning of ser & estar
  • Contrast & meaning of preterite vs. imperfect past tenses
  • Compound verbs with estar with gerund
  • Compound verbs with haber with past participle
  • Formation & uses of the subjunctive mood
  • Formal & informal usages & forms of address